Bidar & Gulbarga

Bidar & Gulbarga

Bidar is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the north-eastern part of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bidar District which shares its border with Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. It is the northernmost district of Karnataka. It is also called as crown of Karnataka. Bidar city is known for its Bidri handicraft products. Manjira River is one of the main rivers supplying drinking water to Bidar .


Bidar has lots of historical monuments from the Bahmani era. The structure of the great Mahmud Gawan Arabic University is reminiscent of the rich architecture of the Bahmani era. The Bidar Fort situated next to the city is one of the biggest forts in India. So rich is the city of Bidar in its History and Heritage that, the whole City of Bidar (as against a single monument in a city) is considered as the only South Indian Monument to be listed by the World Monument Fund in their 2014 World Monument Watch.

Chaukhandi: It is the tomb of Khalil-Ullah who was the preceptor of Ahmad Shah. It is erected on elevated place. The building is octagonal in plan. There are traces of fine decorations on the walls of the building. This prominent building is altogether one of the excellent buildings constructed by the Bhamani’s. It is on the way to Ashtoor.

Bidar Fort: is considered as one of the most formidable forts of country. Bidar city was distinctly planned and built. The main citadel complex housed the royal places. Mahals and Mosque. Adjoining to this on the southern side, the city was built for the people. Both the citadel complex and city had separate forts for protection the plan of the Bidar city fortification is pentagonal. There are five gateways for entry into the city fort. It is main citadel complex fort which is stronger.It is built on the brink of the plateau. Engineers and architecture of various countries were employed on its design and construction.

Narasimha Cave Temple: This is an old Hindu cave temple dedicated to Lord Narasimha. It is excavated in a tunnel, A legend says that Vishnu after Killing Hiranyakashyap, slew another giant named Jharasura. While breathing his last, Jharasura beseeched Vishnu to reside in the cave in which he was living and to grant boons to devotees. Granting last wish of his, Narasimha came to live in the cave. There is a roughly carved image of Narasimha on a stone wall at the end of the cave. For seeing the deity, the visitor has to wade through a canal of 91 meter. The flow of water in the channel is continuous. The depth of the water in the channel is generally 1.37 meters. A good number of devotees visit this temple.

Rangeen Mahal: Though small in size this place situated near Gumbad Darwaza is unique because of its decoration with colored tiles and other art work. Wood carving done here is not only precious but also unique. The walls of Mahal are adorned with Mother-of-Pearl of the finest quality in laid in jet-black stone.Floral patterns and calligraphic text are also depicted here. Stone carving, stucco art are other attractions of this monument. It was rebuilt during Barid Shahi Period.The design of this monument represents the blend of the both Hindu and Muslim architecture. There are rooms in the basement of the Rangeen Mahal.

Gumbad Darwaza: The cidel fort Complex is protected with three moats which is very rare. The place fort complex could be entered from the city trough two main gates on the south eastern side by a zig-zag passage and well protected gateways. The sharza Darwaza and Gumbad Darwaza are main entrance gates to palace complex.

Old Noubat Khana: This was originally a Noubat Khana (Music Gallery). Later was used as residence of a commander of the fort. It has a spacious hall with a room to the west and a platform in the front. In the north, there was a reservoir to which water was supplied from the well. The hall has beautiful windows in its back through which a good view can be had of the city wall and the buildings. The platform, which is in front of the building, is very extensive and it was a place of pleasantness.

The Baridi Tombs: lie about two Kms. west of Bidar town. There were formerly gardens around them. The First Tomb is of Qasim Barid. It resembles the Sepulchers of Wali-Ullah Bahamani and Kalim-Ullah Bahamani. It is built on a plat form with a flight of well polished steps. Its dooms have a tapering shape and are divided into eight facets.

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